The numbers are staggering: One-third of America’s adult population has passed through the criminal justice system and now has a criminal record. Many more were never convicted, but are nonetheless subject to surveillance by the state. Never before has the American government maintained so vast a network of institutions dedicated solely to the control and confinement of its citizens.
A provocative assessment of the contemporary carceral state for American democracy, Arresting Citizenship argues that the broad reach of the criminal justice system has fundamentally recast the relation between citizen and state, resulting in a sizable—and growing—group of second-class citizens. From police stops to court cases and incarceration, at each stage of the criminal justice system individuals belonging to this disempowered group come to experience a state-within-a-state that reflects few of the country’s core democratic values. Through scores of interviews, along with analyses of survey data, Amy E. Lerman and Vesla M. Weaver show how this contact with police, courts, and prisons decreases faith in the capacity of American political institutions to respond to citizens’ concerns and diminishes the sense of full and and equal citizenship—even for those who have not been found guilty of any crime. The effects of this increasingly frequent contact with the criminal justice system are wide-ranging—and pernicious—and Lerman and Weaver go on to offer concrete proposals for reforms to reincorporate this large group of citizens as active participants in American civic and political life.
–From the U Chicago Press web site
University of Chicago Press | June 2014 | ISBN 9780226137834 | Pb., 312 pages
Video: “Incarceration, Race and Social Control” Conference, UHI, Johns Hopkins University
In her TED-style Talk at The Johns Hopkins University Urban Health Institute, drawn on Arresting Citizenship, Vesla Weaver talks about the damage being done in the African American community by utilizing the criminal justice system as a primarily punitive force that captures and negatively brands citizens, impairing their opportunities for future success. She argues that this leads citizens to avoid participation in community and government programs.